Among the oldest and most developed weapons of all times is the mace; the simplicity of its make and how it was used makes it an extremely appealing, as well as an efficient weapon for any soldier from the medieval times. The mace is a blunt weapon, a virge or club that utilizes a heavy yet powerful head on the end of its handle to deliver strong blows that are efficient during battle. These weapons are usually made up of a heavy and strong metal or wooden shaft that is usually reinforced with metal that features a head made out of copper, stone, bronze, iron, and even steel.
The head of a mace used for military purposes is commonly shaped with knobs or flanges that allow the user to better penetrate the plate armor of an enemy; not only that but the length and measurement of these weapons can vary depending on how it was created. Maces of foot soldiers were shorter and measured about two or three feet, while the maces of cavalrymen were considered longer and better for attacks delivered when one was on horseback. As for double-handed maces, these are much larger compared to the previously mentioned ones.
Although these were considerably famous weapons in the past, maces are rarely utilized in this day and age yet a large group of governing bodies such as the U.S. Congress and the British House of Commons, institutions, as well as universities utilize ceremonial maces and continue to use these as a badge of authority; additionally, these maces are also commonly paraded in parliamentary, academic, or even civic processions and rituals.
This type of mace is among the earliest medieval weapons that were utilized during the Middle Ages, and it dates all the way back to when war hammer (or even earlier) was first created. It was a form of weapon that was easy to construct without needing too much weapon-making skills, and the earliest types of maces had heavy items attached to its end. The efficiency of this weapon is undeniably great since it provides the wielder with outstanding swinging force that could inflict a lot of damage on an opponent. This is the reason why the medieval mace had a heavy end to allow its user to generate additional force compared to a sword.
Since armor, weapons, and other metal working skills have advanced over the centuries, the medieval mace also developed in numerous ingenious ways by making use of blades or spikes to better pierce or even slice through armor during battle. From then, the spiked mace was created and these are weapons that are very economical and easy to make. It was believed that the maces were employed by clergies during warfare to avoid bloodshed (sine effusione sanguinis). The evidence of this report is considered inadequate and is based primarily on the description of Bishop Odo of Bayeux who utilized a club-like mace during the Battle of Hastings in the Bayeux Tapestry. Additionally, it is said that Bishop Odo’s brother, Duke William, also carries a similar weapon and it is suggested that the mace may have also been a symbol of authority during that period. Due to this, other bishops were said to wield the arms of a knight just like Archbishop Turpin who wields both a sword and a spear called the Almace, and Bishop Adhemar who is said to have battled as a knight during a certain expedition that Bishop Odo has also joined.
These types of weapons were a favorite among warriors in Eastern Europe, especially in medieval Ukraine and Poland. Eastern European maces usually came along with pear-shaped heads and were often utilized by the Stephen the Great in some of the wars he engaged in. The Pernach was a specific kind of flanged mace created in the twelfth century in Kievan Rus’, then after some time, the weapon became widely utilized in all parts of Europe. The name Pernach based on the Slavic word Pero which means feather, since the weapon resembles the appearance of a fletched arrow.
The morning star is any of several medieval club-like weapons that had one or more spikes; each of these utilized a mix of blunt-force and puncturing attacks to wound or kill the opponent.
The morning star is also categorized as a spiked club that appears just like a spiked mace since it features a long spike that reaches straight to the top; from there, it also features smaller sharp spikes that are fixed around the head portion of the weapon. The spikes of the morning star distinguish this from the mace which instead, features small knobs or flanges; the morning star was utilized by both the cavalry and infantry yet the horsemen’s weapons usually had shorter shafts. In history, the spiked mace eventually transformed into a weapon made entirely of metal but the morning star retained its appearance by having a strong wooden shaft.
In the modern ages, the mace still continues to have a role in ceremonial practices and these are its uses today:
These are necessary for numerous parliaments that are following the Westminster system. The maces were generally carried by the sergeant-at-arms or other individuals who are considered as mace-bearers.
The ceremonial Ecclesiastical Mace is a short yet beautifully ornamented staff that is usually made of silver; its upper portion is usually fashioned with a knob or other types of decorative pieces and is also designed with a coat of arms. Furthermore, these were usually borne before important ecclesiastical corporations, academic bodies, and magistrates as symbols of jurisdiction.
These were also utilized as parade pieces especially in military bands. With the mace, specific motions and movements executed by the Drum Major were done to signal different orders to the band they are leading.
The use of university maces is similar to the Parliamentary maces; these symbolize the authority and independence of a university. These are generally carried right at the start of a convocation ceremony and are usually less than half a meter in height.
Spiked Mace for Sale
The mace was a famous weapon that had numerous variations which included the spiked mace and the spiked club which were commonly utilized by peasants, warriors, and militia. When browsing online, one will find a lot of spiked maces for sale which is great for various uses that range from medieval martial arts training, for displays, or to complete a weapon enthusiast’s collection of swords and other weapons. Aside from these, there was also a range of finely-made spiked maces for sale which can also be utilized as display pieces right in one’s home.