Medieval Weapons

For the knights who battled in the past, some of their most valuable equipment for warfare included their armor, war horse, and their weapons. These items were extremely expensive, which meant that only the wealthy could afford to become knights. A lot of these individuals hoped that they could somehow regain the cost spent through plunder when they were able to conquer the enemy’s city and town.

There are numerous types of medieval weapons that range from simple farming implements and various tools to sophisticated siege weapons; so with that, here are some of the primary medieval weapons that have been utilized by warriors from the Middle Ages:


A sword is described as a long and edged piece of forged metal that has been utilized in numerous civilizations all over the world. It is mainly used for thrusting or cutting and it is also occasionally used for clubbing an enemy. These are usually made up of a hilt and a blade which typically consists of a single or double edge that is not only best for cutting and thrusting, but is also great for striking opponents. The general physics and intent of genuine swordsmanship remained constant throughout the centuries yet the actual styles and techniques differ depending on the period and culture; this is all due to the design of the blade, as well as its purpose.

Compared to the spear or the bow, swords are simply military weapons which make these symbols of warfare or a state of power in numerous cultures around the world; and with the names given to a lot of swords in literature, history, as well as mythology, it only reflects the weapon’s high prestige and greatness. Additionally, these swords are not only single or double-edged but they can also be curved or straight.

Daggers and Knives

The daggers are known to be one of the most commonly utilized medieval weapons and most of the times, these weapons are made with double edges specifically for thrusting or stabbing opponents. These daggers often take the role of a very efficient secondary weapon for defense which is perfect for close range combat. Furthermore, the weapons can readily be differentiated from knives since daggers are generally used for stabbing while knives are made for cutting. A lot of people confuse the two weapons since both of these can efficiently cut or stab targets. Historically, these weapons have always been considered as secondary medieval tools since most cultures mainly utilized swords, pole weapons, and axes for battling if not already using spears, slings, bows, or other types of long-range weapons. Moreover, the dagger was also utilized as a murder tool by plebeians or vindictive aristocrats who wanted to remain unidentified. Eventually, these weapons lost their usefulness especially during the mass development of firearms, the handguns, and multipurpose knives which quickly replaced the usefulness and efficiency of the knives and daggers.

Pole Arms

These are known as close combat weapons where its power and strength are somehow focused on the ends of its long wooden shaft. The purpose of utilizing such weapons is for extended reach or to raise the angular momentum when swinging the pole arms. The idea of actually connecting a weapon to a long shaft is an old concept since the very first tools that feature these characteristics date all the way back to the Stone Age; halberds, spears, poleaxes, glaives, and even bardiches are all variants of the polearm.

Staff-like medieval weapons that were found in Renaissance and Medieval England were all categorized under the term staves. Generally, polearms were weapons easy to create and simple to use since these were often derived from agricultural tools or hunting equipment. Today, the use of these types of weapons for the military are restricted primarily for the ceremonial guards such as the Yeomen of the Guard or the Pala Swiss Guards; additionally, these also remain as a common item in a lot of martial arts schools that train with weapons.

Blunt Hand Weapons

Blunt medieval weapons are usually mêlée weapons that are specifically made to cause trauma and inflict adequate damage to the targets. Most of these appear just like clubs and mainly rely on the wielder’s strength together with the weapon’s mass to create enough blunt force. These types of weapons during the middle ages were undeniably brutal, and the blunt hand weapons came in numerous shapes, styles, and even alterations; yet despite the crudeness and the simplicity that these weapons feature, these tools had their own niches on the battlefield. Also, the variations that were available during that period included the mace, holy water sprinklers, the club, war hammers, flails, and the morning star.

Ranged Weapons

These are the types of weapons that launch a projectile which is in contrast to the mêlée weapons that are made to be utilized for man-to-man combat. The early long-range medieval weapons included equipment such as the throwing axes, javelins, bow and arrows, ballista, the trebuchets, and the medieval siege engines such as the catapults. These types of weapons were highly effective in battle compared to mêlée weapons since these provided the wielder more opportunities to launch numerous projectiles before opponents could even attack with their mêlée weapons. Furthermore, siege engines were also utilized for hitting or passing obstacles such as fortifications, and at some point when the development of firearms and the creation of gunpowder emerged, making use of ranged medieval weapons simply became a choice.

Interesting Facts about a Knight’s Medieval Weapons and Armor:

  1. When putting on and wearing their armor, the knights had to practice doing these to better enhance their skills when it comes to battling with heavy armor while riding on horses.
  2. At times, the plate mail armor suit was also called the harness.
  3. There are times when war horses were fitted with iron shoes specifically for them since these could also be utilized as weapons against enemy foot soldiers.
  4. A few two-handed swords were over five feet in length.

Medieval Weapons for Sale

When deciding which medieval weapons for sale one should acquire, the decision should not be based on how interesting or unique the weapon appears. It is necessary to look at the quality of the weapon being purchased, and if one will utilize the medieval weapons for sale specifically for practice, it will even be more vital to check if the weapon is fully functional for practice and training.